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IV. Coherent, participatory and adaptive policymaking for climate resilience

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Key messages

  • Building resilience to climate change, an essential component of sustainable development, is a challenge with multiple dimensions, which increases the need for substantive coordination and integration of policy interventions. Designing integrated and coherent policies will strengthen the resilience to climate hazards of the most vulnerable, not only by addressing issues crucial to their livelihoods, but also by taking advantage of potential co-benefits, while avoiding unintended consequences and maladaptation.
  • The most intense and direct effects of climate events are experienced at the local level, with a disproportionate impact on the poorest and marginalized groups. The success of interventions aimed at building resilience depends on the participation of all stakeholders, especially stakeholders representing those groups. A broader participation can help policymakers identify development objectives and assess how to achieve them through building synergies and addressing the underlying causes of vulnerability.
  • Climate hazards and their effects are characterized by significant uncertainties, which introduce new challenges for policymakers in designing adequate adaptation strategies, with inclusion. Policymakers must fully embed uncertainty into their long-term plans, using iterative and adaptive processes. This requires a more flexible policy process, capable of incorporating the new information and emerging knowledge needed to scope,
    assess, implement and monitor policy interventions.
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